Doctor of Pharmacy: PharmD

Professional Year 1 (P1), Fall Semester

PHRM 6100 - Foundations in Pharmaceutical Science: Pharmacology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacokinetics (4 credits)

This survey course covers several fundamental concepts required for understanding Pharmacotherapy.  Pharmacology is the unified study of the properties of chemicals and living organisms and all aspects of their interaction. Medicinal chemistry will address a chemically oriented introduction to pharmacology and therapeutics, focusing on structure, pharmacophores, and drug activity.  The class emphasizes familiarity with drug structures and properties, and an understanding of how the chemical structures and physicochemical properties of representative drugs determine their molecular mechanisms of action. The Pharmacokinetics component will address how the body impacts drugs. These lectures will focus on a mathematical understanding of drug concentrations, pharmacological activity and therapy.    These three core concepts will be presented separately and integrated using a variety of interactive methods.

PHRM 6101 - Foundations in Integrated Pharmacotherapy I - An Introduction to Pathophysiology, Genetics, Microbiology and Delivery of Care (3 credits)

Integrated Pharmacotherapy combines biological sciences, human systems and clinical sciences.  As one of the two fundamental courses, Integrated Pharmacotherapy I lays the foundation of subsequent Integrated Pharmacotherapy modules by providing students with the overview of biochemistry, human anatomy and physiology, human immune system and microbiology.  Students are also introduced to genetics and molecular diagnostics which will be re-visited in their third year.

PHRM 6201 - Pharmaceutics I - Physical Pharmacy (3 credits)

Pharmaceutics I: Physicochemical and biopharmaceutical concepts is the first of 3 courses in Pharmaceutics series. This course introduces the students to basic concepts in physical pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences, (e.g., solubility, permeability, stability, etc.) and covers gas and solution properties, non-electrolyte and electrolyte solutions, pharmaceutical solids, dissolution and drug release. Mastering the basic concepts will provide the students with a sound foundation in pharmaceutical product development (dosage forms and drug delivery systems) as well as pharmacy practice.

PHRM 6211 - Pharmaceutical Calculations (1 credit)

This course is the first part of two-semester Pharmaceutical Calculation series. Accurately performing pharmaceutical calculations is a critical skill in providing patient care in every pharmacy practice setting. This course introduces students to basic concepts and skills involved in pharmaceutical calculations. The focus of this course is on basic mathematical principles and their application to pharmaceutical calculations in pharmacy practice. The topics include correct interpretation of prescription and medical orders, pharmaceutical measurements, various expressions of concentration and strength, electrolyte and isotonic solutions.      

PHRM 6301 - Medical Communication and Technical Writing (2 credits)                                                        

This course is designed to introduce pharmacy students to the concepts and methods of technical and professional communication utilized in different areas of health care. Development of professional documents including cover letters, personal statements and curriculum vitae utilized in pharmacy practice and required for student pharmacist e-portfolios is a specific focus. Additionally, oral communication skills including assembling presentation materials critical to successfully delivering a professional oral presentation to an audience will be developed. Lastly, students will be introduced to key medical terminology used throughout health care.                                                                                                                                                                                    

PHRM 6321 - Pharmacy Practice Law  (2 credits)

Offers a survey of the legal obligations and restrictions of pharmacy practice. This course will include discussion on health care law, malpractice, govermental regulations on medical coverage and privacy and appropriate protocol to follow the guidelines of the DEA and related agencies.

PHRM 6401 - Professional Pharmacy Practice I: Health Care Delivery (3 credits)

This course provides foundational knowledge necessary to understand the organization of health care and delivery in the United States. The various roles played by pharmacists in the US are also presented. Selected international health care systems are covered for comparison purposes`. A definition of health care is developed; US health care financing and health economics are introduced. Legislative initiatives, such as the Affordable Care Act, and alternative health care models such as the medical home are presented. The implications for both health care delivery and the evolution of the pharmacy profession with these emerging initiatives are explored. The efficient and safe use of health care and pharmaceutical resources to achieve better patient clinical outcomes and improved quality of life in a financial environment where resources are limited is a central theme. Related to this, the US drug approval process and the pharmaceutical industry are described.  As well, the increasing use of informatics and computer-based systems, including electronic medical records and databases, in pharmacy practice is described. Multidisciplinary aspects of health care are examined and multiple factors important to the contemporary practice of pharmacy are explored including the social, legal/regulatory, economic, public health, professional and patient care implications of pharmacy practice. The role of the pharmacist as a member of an inter-professional team of health care professionals is introduced.

Professional Year 1 (P1), Spring Semester

PHRM 6202 - Pharmaceutics II - Oral Dosage Forms and Biopharmaceutics/Pharmacokinetics (2 credits)

This is the second course in the pharmaceutics series focusing on oral dosage forms. This course is designed and taught using an integrated approach, covering various topics in pharmaceutics (oral dosage forms), biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics. The students will learn not only the fundamental aspects of oral dosage forms (solutions, suspensions and solids), but also the biopharmaceutic and pharmacokinetic aspects of oral dosage forms related to drug absorption and evaluation. This course also integrates the application of basic pharmacokinetic principles to special populations and disease states.

PHRM 6212- Pharmaceutical Calculations (1 credit)

This course is the second part of Pharmaceutical Calculation and focuses specific calculation skills that are important to practicing pharmacists. The students have the opportunity to apply the basic concepts and calculation skills gained in Pharmaceutics I to dose and clinical calculation, IV and paraenteral solutions and calculations involved in extemporaneous compounding.

PHRM 6102 - Foundations in Integrated Pharmacotherapy II - Gastrointestinal (3 credits)

This is the second integrated pharmacotherapy module focusing on the gastrointestinal system. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of gastrointestinal diseases (gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, irritable bowel disease, cirrhosis, drug induced gastrointestinal disease, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, and viral hepatitis). Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to gastrointestinal diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 6103 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy III - Dermatology, Over the Counter Remedies and Self Care (3 credits)

This is the third integrated Pharmacotherapy module focusing on over the counter products, dermatology and self-care. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of these areas (herbal/dietary supplements, fluids/nutrition, pain, common cold/flu, dermatology, otc care, oral care and ophthalmic care, smoking cessation, obesity, sleep disorders, reproductive and genital disorders). Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to the use of over the counter and self care medications and dermatological diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 6104 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy IV- Cardiology (4 credits)

This is the fourth integrated pharmacotherapy module focusing on the cardiovascular system. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of cardiovascular diseases. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to cardiovascular diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 6111 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy II - IV: Conceptual Connections and the Patient Care (2 credits)

This course ties in the contents learned in Integrated Pharmacotherapy II - IV in a case-based, active-learning fashion. While Integrated Pharmacotherapy II - IV prepare students with clinical knowledge and skill set, this course is designed to provide hands-on experience of patient interaction and assessment, triage and referral,  and treatment formulation and recommendation. Students will practice patient assessment skills, learn effective counseling techniques with regards to drug administration, learn to properly read and understand a typical prescription, compose an prescription label, and familiarize themselves with drug schedule categories and NJ prescription regulations, all of which are commonly encountered in community practice. Real-life cases involving self-care, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases will require students to think critically in every step of the care: presentation, history-taking, assessment, treatment formulation and administration, and monitoring for efficacy and toxicity. Students will be introduced to various formats of medication history taking and patient documentation.

PHRM 6402 - Professional Pharmacy Practice II: Communication in Health Care (2 credits)

The Communication in Health Care develops students’ non-written professional communication skills. The course focuses on developing oral and non-verbal communications skills, an appreciation of different cultural approaches to health care (cultural competency) and health literacy in patient care as well communication within interprofessional teams. Communication strategies for gathering information from patients, providing information and verifying understanding will be reviewed. Interprofessional communication approaches for fostering relationships with other health care professionals will be explored. This course is designed to help students gain the skills required to effectively communicate with all individuals involved in delivering and receiving health care such as patients, physicians, nurses and family members.

Professional Year 1 (P1), Completed in June, July or August

PHRM 6501 - Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I - Community (4 credits)

This community introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) is an experiential education course enabling the student to integrate classroom knowledge with practical pharmacy experience through exposing students to the patient care, administrative, distributive, and overall practice of contemporary community pharmacy. Students will be placed at an IPPE I site for four weeks totaling 40 hours per week for a final total of 160 hours. The student pharmacist will observe and participate with pharmacists, fellow pharmacy students if applicable, and other health care professionals in the provision of direct patient care. The student will become familiar with essential elements surrounding the dispensing of prescriptions including but not limited to interpreting a patient profile, transcribing an oral prescription, preparing a prescription label, and patient counseling, in order to assist the pharmacist in dispensing prescriptions. The student pharmacist will observe and participate in assisting patients in selection of nonprescription (over-the-counter) products, monitoring devices, and durable medical equipment. This course may require students to participate in an online learning component, reflective sessions on the school of pharmacy campus and completion of a service learning project as assigned. This course prepares students to acquire critical thinking competencies enabling them to continually build their knowledge across the curriculum as they progress and engage in subsequent introductory and advanced practice experiences.

Professional Year 2 (P2), Fall Semester

PHRM 7301 - Biostatistics (2 credits)

This two credit course introduces pharmacy students to the concepts and methods of biostatistics. The course will cover descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, statistical tests for comparing means and proportions. An introduction to simple and multivariabile regression techniques will be discussed. The skills learned in this course build the quantitative foundation that students will apply to evaluate the biomedical literature and assess its applicability to their patients.

PHRM 7201 – Pharmaceutics III- Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems (2 credit)

This course includes a didactic section and a compounding lab. The didactic lectures cover drug dosage forms and drug delivery systems commonly used in modern medicine. The emphasis is placed on understanding the basic physicochemical and biopharmaceutical principles underlying each dosage form and delivery system. The students will learn the proper use, administration and storage of various drug dosage forms and delivery systems. The laboratory session provides the students with hands on experience in extemporaneuos product compounding. In the compounding lab, the students will have the opportunity to apply the basic concepts and calculation skills to extemporaneous compounding. The students will prepare various compounding products including syrup, suspension, ointment, gel, capsule and suppository.

PHRM 7105 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy V - Neurology, Psychiatry and Anesthesiology (4 credits)    

This is the fifth integrated pharmacotherapy module focusing on the nervous system. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of neurological and psychiatric diseases. In addition, basic principles and knowledge about anesthesiology will be introduced. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to neurologic and psychiatric diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 7106 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy VI - Infectious Diseases (4 credits)

This course relates to pharmacotherapeutics and treatment of infectious diseases and aims to integrate key concepts from medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, anatomy & physiology, pathology, and clinical chemistry for infectious disease topics important to the clinical setting. Ideally, at the end of this course the student will be able to: identify likely pathogens responsible for a particular infectious disease process, select the appropriate antibiotic(s) to provide antimicrobial coverage for these possible pathogens, select alternative antibiotics should they become necessary, and identify appropriate actions to monitor for efficacy and toxicity.

PHRM 7111 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy V- VI: Conceptual Connections and the Patient Care (2 credits)

This course ties in the contents learned in Integrated Pharmacotherapy V - VI in a case-based, active-learning fashion. While Integrated Pharmacotherapy V - VI prepare students with clinical knowledge and skill set, this course is designed to provide hands-on experience of patient interaction and assessment, triage and referral, and treatment formulation and recommendation. Students will practice and become competent in patient assessment skills system-by-system, learn effective counseling techniques with regards to drug administration, familiarize themselves with NJ prescription regulations, and acquire skills in dosing calculations, all of which are commonly encountered in pharmacy practice. Real-life cases involving infectious diseases and neurologic diseases and psychiatric diseases will require the students to think critically in every step of the care: presentation, history-taking, assessment, treatment formulation and administration, and monitoring for efficacy and toxicity. Students will be certified in the American Pharmacist’s Association Medication Therapy Management Program.

PHRM 7401 – Professional Pharmacy Practice III: Drug Information, Informatics and Toxicology (2 credits)

This two credit course focuses on the essential sources of drug information, pharmaceutical informatics and toxicology. It introduces the use of health information technology in delivering health care. Topics covered include primary, secondary and tertiary sources of drug information, medication safety, an introduction to the use of drug monographs and the role of electronic medical records, e-prescribing, computerized physician order entry in pharmacy practice. This course provides an overview of the basic principles of toxicology and poisoning and discusses the identification and management of most commonly encountered toxicities.

Professional Year 2 (P2), Spring Semester

PHRM 7107 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII - Pulmonary, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat (3 credits)

This course provides students with an integrated approach to understand principles of and solve problems related to pulmonary disorders and diseases of the ear, eye, nose and throat in an active learning based environment. The biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of pulmonary disorders and diseases of the ear, eye, nose and throat will be discussed. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions will also be reviewed, as will the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment.

PHRM 7108 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy VIII - Endocrine, Urinary Tract, Renal, and Reproductive Health (4 credits)

This is the eighth  integrated pharmacotherapy module focusing on the endocrine, urological disorders, renal and reproductive health systems. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of diseases of these systems. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to endocrine, urinary tract, renal and reproductive system diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 7112 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII - VIII - Conceptual Connections and the Patient Care (2 credits)

This course ties in the contents learned in Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII - VIII in a case-based, active-learning fashion. While Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII - VIII prepare students with clinical knowledge and skill set, this course is designed to provide hands-on experience of patient interaction and assessment, triage and referral, and treatment formulation and recommendation. Students will practice and become competent in patient assessment skills, learn effective counseling techniques with regards to drug administration, familiarize themselves with NJ prescription regulations, and acquire skills in dosing calculations, all of which are commonly encountered in pharmacy practice. Real-life cases involving renal, endocrine, dermatologic, pulmonary diseases, and reproductive health will require students to think critically in every step of the care: presentation, history-taking, assessment, treatment formulation and administration, and monitoring for efficacy and toxicity. Students will be certified the American Pharmacist’s Association Diabetes Care Program.

PHRM 7202 - Pharmaceutics IV - Sterile Products and Biopharmaceuticals (2 credits)

This is the last course in the Pharmaceutics series and focuses on sterile products and biopharmaceutical products. This course also includes a compounding lab for parenteral preparation. Building upon basic concepts and calculation skills acquired in Pharmaceutics I and II, students continue to learn sterile products including various routes of administration, sterile preparation and quality standards. Two laboratory sessions provide the students with hands-on experience in parenteral compounding. The second half of this course focuses on biopharmaceutical products following the basic concepts and processing of biologics and a few major categories of biopharmaceutical products (cytokines, antibodies and vaccines, nucleic-acid and cell based therapeutics).

PHRM 7302 – Epidemiology and Study Design Evaluation (3 credits)  

This course is designed to introduce students to basic concepts of epidemiology and study designs used in the evaluation of health care technologies. Epidemiological terminology such as risk, hazard, odds and relative risk ratios will be introduced. Further this course will include critical evaluation of evidence-based medical literature and identification of sources of bias in published medical literature.

 Professional Year 2 (P2), Completed in January, June, July or August

PHRM 7501 - Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience II - Institutional (4 credits)

This practice experience will develop student awareness, knowledge and skills in various aspects of pharmacy practice and the role and responsibilities of the pharmacist as a generalist and overseer of pharmacy management and therapeutic operations in a hospital setting. Introduction of the principles of medication therapy management as the responsibility of the pharmacist and current topics in health care will be introduced.

Professional Year 3 (P3), Fall Semester

PHRM 8109 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy IX- Autoimmune System,  Rare Diseases, and Special Populations (3 credits)

This is the ninth integrated pharmacotherapy module focusing on autoimmune, rare and special population diseases and medication management. This course integrates basic principles of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of diseases of these systems. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions are discussed, as are the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment. Cases and examples are used to provide the students the skills to solve problems related to autoimmune, rare and special population diseases in an active learning environment.

PHRM 8110 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy X – Hematology/Oncology (3 credits)

This course provides students with an integrated approach to understand principles of and solve problems related to hematology and oncology in an active learning based environment. The biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical chemistry and pharmacotherapy related to the presentation and management of hematologic and oncologic disease will be discussed. Physicochemical and biological principles of dosage forms and drug delivery strategies used to treat these conditions will also be reviewed, as will the materials and methods used to prepare and administer the appropriate treatment.

PHRM 8111 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy I-IX - A Whole System Overview and Effecting Patient Care (2 credits)

This course ties in the contents learned in Integrated Pharmacotherapy IX – X, in a case-based, active-learning fashion. While Integrated Pharmacotherapy IX - X prepare students with clinical knowledge and skill set, this course is designed to provide hands-on experience of patient interaction and assessment, triage and referral, and treatment formulation and recommendation. Students will develop proficiency in patient assessment skills system-by-system, effective counseling techniques with regards to drug administration, NJ prescription regulations, and skills in dosing calculations, all of which are commonly encountered in pharmacy practice. Real-life cases involving autoimmune diseases, rare diseases, oncologic diseases, hematologic diseases and special populations will require students to think critically in every step of the care: presentation, history-taking, assessment, treatment formulation and administration, and monitoring for efficacy and toxicity. Students will work on cases focusing on patients with several co-morbidities previously covered.

PHRM 8302- Public Health and the Global Mission of Pharmacy (2 credits)

This course will address the role of the pharmacist at community, national and global levels. The course has two parts: part A: introduction to public health concepts and practice. Part B: Introduction to global health issues. The course will cover lessons learned from the history of public health, will explore the social determinants of disease and principles of evidence-based public health practice. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the evaluation of the public health interventions and on exploring the expanding role of pharmacists as public health agents. In the global health part, students will explore major issues in infectious and chronic diseases at global level. Other themes will explore the role of the pharmacists in disaster preparedness and in medication safety. Students will participate in active learning exercises such as case studies and interactive in-class and online activities.

Professional Year 3 (P3), Spring Semester

PHRM 8402 – Professional Pharmacy Practice IV: Pharmacy Leadership and Management (2 credits)  

Pharmacy  practice does not exist in isolation; organizational structures and cultures have an impact on the contemporary practice of pharmacy within an organization with various stakeholders taking an interest and having a voice in the professional practice of pharmacy. To be effective, pharmacists will need to be aware of a variety of managerial issues they will likely face as practitioners. As a complement to the clinical and professional expertise pharmacy students develop by completing integrated pharmacotherapy, population health and previous professional pharmacy practice courses, PHRM 8402 introduces basic administrative, business, managerial and leadership principles necessary for the effective and efficient delivery of patient care goals. Application of these principles to pharmacy practice includes budgetary and financial considerations, marketing principles, personnel management, customer service, continuous quality assessment and performance improvement related to both improved value propositions and improved patient safety, as well as the use of technology in pharmacy practice. Risk management and the impact of compliance with state and federal laws and regulations and quality standards proposed by accrediting agencies on pharmacy management and leadership are explored.

PHRM 8201 - Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine (2 credits)

This course focuses on how genetic factors can affect the pharmacokinetic and/or the pharmacodynamic parameters of a drug, ultimately impacting its efficacy and toxicity in the patient. Considerations of genomic and phenotypic information to individualize pharmacotherapy and minimize adverse events are emphasized. The underlying principles of pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics are reinforced. This course includes discussions on biochemical analytical methods, clinical interpretation of laboratory data, applied pharmacokinetics and therapeutic drug monitoring, and principles and applications in pharmacogenomics. Economic and ethical issues in relation to the incorporation of pharmacogenomic data in the clinical decision-making process are also discussed. All concepts are discussed against the backdrop of patient-centered care.


PHRM 8112 - Integrated Pharmacotherapy I-X: A Whole System Overview and Effecting Patient Care (2 credits)

This course integrates all the topics from Integrated Pharmacotherapy series (II-X), as well as concepts from pharmaceutical sciences and patient care skills as applicable at multiple levels. Cases are comprehensive, and students are expected to bring in previously taught/explored resources to the discussion as deemed necessary. Students will discover connections across the disciplines via the provision of pharmaceutical care. A complete patient documentation format will be utilized to record the procession of discussion. Virtual patient cases will be utilized to simulate real-life clinical situations. Students will fine-tune their fundamental and sophisticated clinical skills for the upcoming advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE).


PHRM 8301 – Pharmacoepidemiology, Pharmacoeconomics and Health Outcomes (3 credits)

This course is designed to familiarize students with the principles of pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacoeconomics. The course focus is on major areas of the evolving fields of pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacoeconomics with an emphasis on measuring health outcomes. It builds on and extends the skills and concepts learned in previous courses within the curriculum that are focused on the effectiveness of medication use at a population level (PHRM 7301, PHRM 7302, PHRM 7401). The additional dimension of efficiency or cost relative to value of a given health benefit or outcome is introduced and developed. The role of pharmacoepidemiologic studies in post-marketing safety studies and communication of risk is covered as is the role of both pharmacoepidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic studies in the formulary process used for medication coverage by insurers. It is important for students to understand how to evaluate, interpret, and apply medical research involving pharmaceutical care of individual patients and community or population health (public health) and use this information to aid their decision-making processes in pharmacy practice. The principles discussed and applied in this course will better prepare students to function in this capacity.

 Professional Year 4 (P4)

PHRM 9101 - Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience I: Community (5 credits)

This is an advanced practice experience course building on student’s prior knowledge and practice in the community care setting. The student will spend full-time hours (40+ hours per week) for 5 weeks focusing on patient centered pharmacy practice in a community pharmacy setting. Acquisition of new knowledge and skills in providing primary patient care and development of confidence in clinical decision making, and managing individual and population care is the goal of this practice course. This course prepares students to be critical thinkers who will continually build their knowledge across the curriculum as they engage in practice experiences.

PHRM 9102 - Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience II: Institutional (5 credits)

This is an advanced practice experience course building on student’s prior knowledge and practice in the hospital setting. The student will spend full-time hours (40+ hours per week) for 5 weeks focusing on patient centered pharmacy practice in a hospital pharmacy setting. Acquisition of new knowledge and skills in providing primary patient care and development of confidence in clinical decision making, and managing individual and population care is the goal of this practice course. This course prepares students to be critical thinkers who will continually build their knowledge across the curriculum as they engage in practice experiences.

PHRM 9103 - Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience III: Ambulatory Care (5 credits)

This is a full time (40+ hours per week) for 5 weeks ambulatory care advanced practice course enabling students to integrate knowledge gained in the first three years of the curriculum to further enhance their skills and help them become successful practitioners. Students build upon knowledge, skills and attitudes gained from the introductory pharmacy practice experience courses and incorporate their learning from those experiences into an advanced practice setting. The student learns to practice in a clinical setting and becomes an integral part of the health care team.

PHRM 9104 - Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience IV - Acute Care (5 credits)

The is a full time (40+ hours per week) for 5 weeks Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience course required for all students in their fourth academic professional year. The advanced pharmacy practice course enables students to integrate skills and knowledge gained in the first three years of the College curriculum. Students are presented with multiple opportunities to expand their knowledge and skills in drug therapy management, and medication safety in an internal medicine setting. It is essential that students build upon the foundation of information and attitudes formed from previous pharmacy practice experience courses. Incorporating knowledge gained and practiced in a new experience enables students to practice evaluation, identification and formulation of clinical solutions to provide individual patient care. This course allows the student to establish their understanding of how the pharmacist acts as a clinical provider, as part of the team, and allows the student to practice their role as an integral part of the health care team.

PHRM 9201-9518
Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience V, VI, VII, VIII: Elective (5 credits each)

The full time (40+ hours per week) for 5 weeks Elective Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience will allow students to further develop their skills and knowledge in a previous Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience setting or explore other areas of pharmacy practice.

PHRM 9900 - Pharmacy Capstone (2 credits)

Pharmacy Capstone is a summary course incorporating concepts from the pharmacotherapy course series, the administrative sciences, as well as the APPEs.  It is designed to provide student pharmacists with the skills to be competent pharmacists.  This class will help students improve their clinical knowledge, problem solving skills, presentation skills, communication skills, and team dynamics skills.  This course will incorporate current and emerging themes within pharmacy practice going from a local to global environment.